Selected Summary of Research

The citations below represent a few among the thousands of references of the world scientific literature to the ingredients of Prime Products. These selected references are offered as general background to the longstanding widespread use and testing of these ingredients and its purpose is solely informational. No medical advice is given or intended by PrimeQuest. If you have a medical condition or health problem you should seek the advice of your own physician or health professional.

  • Brekhman, I.I. and O.I. Kirillov. "The Protective Action of Eleutherococcus during Stress." in: Eleutherococcus and Other Adaptogens from Far East Plants. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1966. 9.

  • Williams, Moira. "Eleutherococcus Senticosus: Bridging the Gap between Alternative and Orthodox." International Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, April 1992.

  • Wanlstrom, Mikael. Adaptogens - Nature's Key to Well‑Being. Goteborg: Skandinavisk Bok, 1987.

  • Brekhman, I.I. Man and Biologically Active Substances. Oxford: Pergamon Press Ltd., 1980.

  • Lupandin, A.V. "Adaptation and Rehabilitation in Sports." Khabarovsk: Institute of Physical Culture, 1991.

  • Koloskov, Yu.B., E.V. Kryukovskaya, E.A. Demurov, and A.N. Kudrin. "The Mechanism of the Adaptogenic Effect of Aralia Mandshurica." Farmatsiya (Moscow) 39 (4), 1990: 75.

  • Brekhman, I.I. "What Can Oppose Stress?" in: Adaptation and Adaptogens. Proceeding of the 2nd Symposium: "Processes of Adaptation and Biologically Active Substances" (May 1975). Vladivostok: Far East Scientific Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1977, 81.

  • Lupandin, A,V. “Adaptation to Extreme Natural and Technogenic Factors in Trained and Untrained People under the Influence of Adaptogens." Fiziologia Cheloveka 16 (3), 1990: 114‑119.

  • Lucas, Richard. “Eleuthero - Health Herb of Russia.” Spokane: R&M Books, 1973.

  • Panasyuk, E.N., A.Ya. Sklyarov, O.Ya. Chupashko, and A.A. Bezrukov. "Research on the Influence of the Adaptogens, Eleutherococcus and Aralia, on Work Efficiency under Stress Conditions." in: Actual Problems of Labour Physiology and Preventive Economics (Theses of Reports at the IXth All‑Union Conference). M., vol. 3, 90.

  • Okushko, V.P., I.K. Lutskaya, and S.P. Reva. "The Influence of Eleutherococcus on Resistance to Tooth Decay." Paper released by M. Gorky Medical Institute, Donetsk, 1989.

  • Brekhman, I.I. Eleutherocossus, Leningrad: Nauka, 1968.

  • Saratikov, A.S. "Adaptogenic Actions of Eleutherococcus and Rhodiola Rosea Preparations." in: Processes of Adaptation and Biologically Active Substances - Proceedings of the Conference (VIadivostok, May 1972). Vladivostok: Far East Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1976.

  • Gerasyuta, M.A., and T.N. Koval. "The Experience of Prolonged Use of Leuzea Carthamoides Extract for the Purposes of Preservation and Increase of Mental and Physical Work Capacity." in: New Data on Eleutherococcus and Other Adaptogens: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Hamburg, 1980). Vladivostok: Far East Scientific Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1981, 135.

  • Brekhman, I.I. “Valeology - The Science of Health.” Moscow: Physical Culture and Sport, 1990.

  • Maslova, L.V. "The Cardioprotective Action of Adaptogenic Preparations during Stress." Paper released by the Scientific Research Institute of Pharmacology of the Tomsk Scientific Centre, Academy of Science of the USSR, 1989.

  • Collisson, R.J. "Siberian Ginseng (Eleutherococcus Senticosus Maxim)." British Journal of Phytotherapy 2, vol. 2, 1991.

  • Baburin, E.F., I.K. Tarasov, and V.N. Alekseev. "On the Question of the Prophylaxis of Motion Sickness." in: Medicinal Remedies of the Far East. Vladivostok: Far East Scientific Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1972. 120.

  • Asano, K., T. Takakhasi, Kh. Kugo, and M. Kuboyama. "The Influence of Eleutherococcus on Muscle Work Capacity in Humans." in: New Data on Eleutherococcus: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Moscow, 1984). Vladivostok: Far East Academy of Science of the USSR, 1986, 166.

  • Wagner, H., Hiroshi Hikino, and Norman R. Farnsworth. “Economic and Medicinal Plant Research.” London: Academic Press, vol. 1, 1985.

  • Gerasyuta, M.A., T.N. Koval, and S.A. Keyzer. “The Effectiveness of the Use of Leuzea Carthamoides Extract in Sailors under the Conditions of an Extended Arctic Voyage.” in: New Data on Eleutherococcus and Other Adaptogens: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Hamburg, 1980). Vladivostok: Far East Scientific Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1981, 139.

  • Sheparev, A.A. "The Use of Adaptogens for the Purpose of Non-specific Prophylaxis in Industry." Humans and the Ocean: Medical and Social Aspects of the Problem: Proceedings of the Scientific and Practical Conference at the 30th Anniversary of the Vladivostok State Medical College, Vladivostok, 1988.

  • Fruentov, N.K., and A.V. Lupandin. "On the Adaptogenic Action of Schizandra Preparations." in: Processes of Adaptation and Biologically Active Substances - Proceedings of the Conference (Vladivostok, May 1972). Vladivostok: Far East Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1976, 63.

  • Brekhman, I.I., and I.V. Dardymov. "New Substances of Plant Origin which Increase Non-specific Resistance." Annual Review of Pharmacology, v.9, 1969.

  • Saratikov, A.S., and E.A. Krasnov. "Clinical Studies of Rhodiola." Rhodiola Rosea is a Valuable Medicinal Plant. Tomsk: Medical Institute, 1987, 216.

  • Galushkina, L.R. "The Pharmacological Study of Eleutherococcus and Appraisal of its Biological Activity." Paper released by the All‑Union Scientific Centre on the Safety of Biologically Active Substances, 1990.

  • Gubchenko, P.P., and N.K. Fruentov. "Comparative Study of the Effectiveness of Eleutherococcus and Other Plant Adaptogens as Remedies for Increasing the Work Capacity of Flight Personnel." in: New Data on Eleutherococcus: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Moscow, 1984). Vladivostok: Far East Academy of Science of the USSR, 1986, 240.

  • Schadrin, A.S., Yu.G. Kustikova, N.A. Belogolovkina, N.I. Baranov, E.V. Oleinikova, V.P. Sigaeva, A.M. Ivlev, V.L. Romanov, L.I. Imkhanitskaya. S.G. Scripak, and L.A. Ryazanova. “Appraisal of the Prophylactic and Immunostimulative Action of Eleutherococcus and Schizandra.” in: New Data on Eleutherococcus: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Moscow, 1984). Vladivostok: Far East Academy of Science of the USSR, 1986, 289.

  • D'yakov, D.I. "On the Influence of Aralia Mandshurica on the Pulse Arterial Pressure during Prescribed Physical Workloads." Biologically Active Substances from Flora and Fauna of the Far East and Pacific Ocean, Vladivostok. 1971, 117.

  • Brandis, S.A., and V.N. Pilovitskaya. "On the Question of the Effectiveness of Using Eleutherococcus Root Extract for Work in a High Temperature Environment." in: Eleuthercoccus and Other Adaptogens from Far East Plants. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1966, 155.

  • Brekhman, I.I., and O.I. Kirillov. "The Effects of Eleutherococcus on the Alarm‑Phase of Stress." Life Sciences Part I: Physiology and Pharmacology 8 (3), 1969: 113‑121.

  • Lupandin, A.V., and I.I. Lapaev. “Schizandra.” Khabarovsk Book Publisher, 1981, 125.

  • Grinevich, M.A. "Survey of Clinical Studies on Eleutherococcus." in: Results of the Study of Eleutherococcus in the USSR: Theses of Reports at the Annual Session of the Far East Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1966, 69.

  • Berdyshev, V.V. "The Use of Eleutherococcus for Normalization of the Organism's State in Sailors in the Tropics." in: Adaptation and Adaptogens. Proceedings of the 2nd Symposium: "Processes of Adaptation and Biologically Active Substances" (May 1975). Vladivostok: Far East Scientific Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1977, 119.

  • Brekhman, I.I., and G.M. Miansky. "Eleutherococcus - a Means of Increasing the Non-specific Resistance of the Organism." Izv. Akad Nauk USSR [Biol]. Sept‑Oct. 1965: 762‑5.

  • Saratikov, A.S., E.A. Krasnov, and T.F. Marina. "The Influence of Rhodiola on the Central Nervous System." Rhodiola Rosea is a Valuable Medicinal Plant. Tomsk: Medical Institute, 1987, 150.

  • Gubchenko, P.P. "The Influence of Some Plant Adaptogens on Rehabilitation of Work Capacity after Intentional Weight Loss." In: New Data on Eleutherococcus: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Moscow, 1984). Vladivostok: Far East Academy of Science of the USSR, 1986, 252.

  • Yurgens, I.L., and O.I. Kirillov. "The Influence of Eleutherococcus on Stress." in: Results of the Study of Eleutherococcus in the USSR: Theses of Reports at the Annual Session of the Far East Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1966, 39.

  • Trusov, M.S. "The Influence of Schizandra on Adaptation to Darkness." Materials for the Study of Ginseng and Schizandra, issue 3. Leningrad, 1958, 170.

  • Elkin, B.M., N.G. Zakharova, Z.N. Kingo, V.M. Leonov, and T.A. Dubina. "The Influence of Eleutherococcus on Factors of the Organism's Resistance." in: New Data on Eleutherococcus: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Moscow, 1984). Vladivostok: Far East Academy of Science of the USSR, 1986, 159.

  • Egorov, Yu.N., and E.F. Baburin. "On the Influence of Eleutherococcus on the Human Nervous System." in: Eleutherococcus and Other Adaptogens from Far East Plants. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1966, 167.

  • Saratikov, A.S., and E.A. Krasnov. “The Adaptogenic Attributes of Rhodiola.” Rhodiola Rosea is a Valuable Medicinal Plant. Tomsk: Medical Institute, 1987, 194.

  • Zaikova, M.V., E.G. Somova, I.A. Salnik. “The Influence of Eleutherococcus Extract on the Visual Functions in School Nearsightedness.” Biologically Active Substances of Flora and Fauna of the Far East and Pacific Ocean. Vladivostok, 1971, 121.

  • Petkov, V., K. Roussinov, S. Todorov, M. Yonkov, and S. Draganova. "Pharmacological Investigations on Rhaponticum Carthamoides." Planta Medica 50 (3), Bulgaria, 1984: 205‑209.

  • Dalinger, O.I., and I.M. Kaliko. "The Influence of Eleutherococcus on High Nervous Activity of Student‑Athletes." Stimulators of the Central Nervous System, issue 2. Tomsk, 1968, 162.

  • Korobkov, A.V. "The Influence of Eleutherococcus on Man's Physical Work Capacity." in: Symposiums on Eleutherococcus and Ginseng. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1962, 42.

  • Sosnova, T.L. “The Efficiency of Using Eleutherococcus for Increasing the Level of Colour Differentiation in Workers of Railroad Locomotive Brigades.” in: New Data on Eleutherococcus: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Moscow, 1984). Vladivostok: Far East Academy of Science of the USSR, 1986, 258.

  • Bykhovtseva, T.L., and M.I. Polozhentseva. "On the Question of the Influence of Eleutherococcus on Some Aspects of Metabolism." in: Results of the Study of Eleutherococcus in the USSR: Theses of Reports at the Annual Session of the Far East Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1966, 50.

  • Tuzov, S.F. "Comparative Characteristics of the Action of Some Stimulators of the Central Nervous System on Muscular Work Capacity." Stimulators of the Central Nervous System, issue 2. Tomsk, 1968, 156.

  • Brandis, S.A. "On the Comparative Characteristics of the Tonic and Stimulative Action of Eleutherococcus during Physical Work and Inhalation of Gas Mixtures with Different Contents of Oxygen." in: Symposiums on Eleutherococcus and Ginseng. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1962, 46.

  • Shornikov, A.P. and S.V. Sokolov. "The Experience of Using Eleutherococcus under the Conditions of the Tumen North." in: New Data on Eleutherococcus and Other Adaptogens: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Hamburg, 1980). Vladivostok: Far East Scientific Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1981, 95.

  • Lebedev, A.A. "On the Pharmacology of Schizandra." Materials for the Study of Ginseng and Schizandra, issue 2. Moscow: Academy of Science of the USSR, 1955, 178‑188.

  • Baburin, E.F. "The Influence of Eleutherococcus on the Hearing Organ." in: Eleutherococcus and Other Adaptogens from Far East Plants. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1966, 173.

  • Melnikov, E.A. 'The Age Factor in the Action of Some Adaptogens." in: Adaptation and Adaptogens. Proceedings of the 2nd Symposium: "Processes of Adaptation and Biologically Active Substances" (May 1975). Vladivostok: Far East Scientific Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1977, 130.

  • Kurkin, V.A., and G.G. Zapesochnaya. "The Chemical Composition and Pharmacological Properties of the Rhodiola Species." Khimiko‑Farmatsevticheskii Zhurnal 20 (10), 1986, 1231‑1244.

  • Kazakevich, V.V. "On the Influence of Aralia Mandshurica Tincture on the Central Nervous System." in: Medicinal Remedies of the Far East. Vladivostok: Far East Scientific Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1972, 186.

  • Bulanov, A.E., A.A. Sheparev, T.M. Agapova, I.Y. Puzanova, R.M. Chernysheva, L.N. Kamynina, V.I. Bortovschik, A.M. Tockarchuk, B.A. Gorbunov, V.D. Berestenko, V.F. Sashuk. "The Social and Physio‑Hygienic Aspects of Pharmacosanation in Workers under Conditions of the Chemical Industry." in: New Data on Eleutherococcus and other Adaptogens: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Hamburg, 1980). Vladivostok: Far East Scientific Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1981, 88.

  • Sinovich, V.A., and Z.B. Akhmerova. "The Influence of Schizandra on Normal and Pathological Visual Functions." Materials for the Study of Ginseng and Schizandra, issue 3. Leningrad, 177‑180.

  • Saratikov, A.S., E.A. Krasnov, and B.Yu. Salnik. "The Biochemical Mechanism of the Stimulative Action of Rhodiola." Rhodiola Rosea is a Valuable Medicinal Plant. Tomsk: Medical Institute, 1987, 91.

  • Shornikov, A.P., and S.V. Sokolov. "The Influence on Biorhythmic Characteristics of Some Functional Systems of the Organism." in: New Data on Eleutherococcus and other Adaptogens: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Hamburg, 1980). Vladivostok: Far East Scientific Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1981, 63.

  • Bhargava, K.P., and N. Singh. "Comparative Evaluation of the Antistress Activity of Eleutherococcus Senticosus, Panax Ginseng and Ocimum Sanctum." in: New Data on Eleutherococcus: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Moscow, 1984). Vladivostok: Far East Academy of Science of the USSR, 1986, 81.

  • Bulanov, A.E., M.I. Polozhentseva, and L.P. Yatskov. "The Anti‑alcoholic Action of Eleutherococcus." in: New Data on Eleutherococcus: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Moscow, 1984). Vladivostok: Far East Academy of Science of the USSR, 1986, 175.

  • Dardymov, I.V., L.I. Selivanova, and Yu.V. Kondrat'yev. "Some Seasonally Dependent Effects of the Action of Eleutherococcus." in: Symposiums on Eleutherococcus and Ginseng. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1962, 49.

  • Garkavi, L.Kh., and E.B. Kvakina. "The Use of Eleutherococcus for Obtaining Adaptive Reactions of Training and Activation for the Purposes of Prophylaxis and Treatment." In: New Data on Eleutherococcus: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Moscow, 1984). Vladivostok: Far East Academy of Science of the USSR, 1986, 172.

  • Dardymov, I.V., V.V. Berdyshev, P.P. Golikov, and B.A. Fedorets. "The Influence of Prolonged Use of Eleutherococcus and Ascorbic Acid on the Organism of a Healthy Person." in: Eleutherococcus and Other Adaptogens from Far East Plants. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1966, 133.

  • Mosharoff, A.N. "The Effects of Extract from Rhaponticum Carthamoides Willd Iljin Leuzea on Learning and Memory ..." Acta Physiologica et Pharmacologica Bulgarica 13 (3), 1987: 37‑42. 

  • Nikitin, S.A., T.A. Orobinskaya, T.N. Serkhacheva, O.L. Pisareva, and A.A. Spasov. "Eleutherococcus as a Pharmacosanative Remedy in Vegetable Farmers in a Period of Intensive Physical Labour." in: New Data on Eleutherococcus and other Adaptogens: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Hamburg, 1980). Vladivostok: Far East Scientific Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1981, 100. 

  • Saratikov, A.S., and E.A. Krasnov. "The Influence of Rhodiola on the Endocrine Glands and the Liver." Rhodiola Rosea is a Valuable Medicinal Plant. Tomsk: Medical Institute, 1987, 180. 

  • Brandis, S.A., and V.N. Pilovitskaya. "The Effectiveness of Using Eleutherococcus Roots during Prolonged Physical Work and Inhalation of Gas Mixtures Enriched with Oxygen." in: Eleutherococcus and Other Adaptogens from Far East Plants. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1966, 141. 

  • Voskresensky, O.N., T.A. Devyatkina, N.A. Gumenyuk, T.I. Ustyanskaya, Ye.M. Vazhnichaya, V.N. Vovyrev, L.Ye. Bassak, and M.Ya. Nidzelsky. "The Effect of Eleutherococcus and Ginseng on the Development of Free‑Radical Pathology." in: New Data on Eleutherococcus: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Moscow, 1984). Vladivostok: Far East Academy of Science of the USSR, 1986, 141. 

  • Beberine, E.F. "The Influence of Eleutherococcus on Work Results and Hearing Sensitivity in Radio‑telegraphers." in: Eleutherococcus and Other Adaptogens from Far East Plants. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1966, 179. 

  • Blokhin, B.N. “The Influence of Eleutherococcus Root and Leaf Extracts on Human Work Capacity under Static and Dynamic Workloads.” in: Eleutherococcus and Other Adaptogens from Far East Plants. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1966, 191. 

  • Farutina, M.V. "Clinical Study of the Tonic Action of Pantocrin, Ginseng and Schizandra Tinctures." Materials for the Study of Stimulative and Tonic Remedies - Ginseng Root and Schizandra, issue 1. Vladivostok, 1958, 131‑136. 

  • Kovelov, G.V., A.A. Spasov, N.A. Bogachev, V.D. Petryanik, and O.V. Ostrovsky. "The Effect of Eleutherococcus Extract on the Mechanisms of Immediate and Prolonged Adaptation of the Organism." in: New Data on Eleutherococcus: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Moscow, 1984). Vladivostok: Far East Academy of Science of the USSR, 1986, 30. 

  • Saratikov, S.A., L.N. Azbukina, O.I. Dalinger, K.P. Kovinsky, K.I. Koshkareva, T.F. Marina, P.A. Pichurina, and S.F. Tuzov. "Materials on the Experimental Clinical Study of Eleutherococcus Senticosus Extract." in: Symposiums on Eleutherococcus and Ginseng. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1962, 41. 

  • Dardymov, I.V. "On the Possible Mechanism for Increasing the Nonspecific Resistance of the Organism under the Influence of Eleutherococcus and Ginseng Preparations." in: Processes of Adaptation and Biologically Active Substances - Proceedings of the Conference (Vladivostok, May 1972). Vladivostok: Far East Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1976, 113. 

  • Saratikov, A.S., E.A. Krasnov, and B.Yu. Salnik. "The Biochemical Mechanism of the Stimulative Action of Rhodiola. "Rhodiola Rosea is a Valuable Medicinal Plant. Tomsk: Medical Institute, 1987, 91. 

  • Pilovitskaya, V.N. "The Influence of the Stimulative Action of Eleutherococcus on Some Indicators of Metabolism during Physical Work and Inhalation of Gas Mixtures with Different Contents of Oxygen." in: Symposiums on Eleutherococcus and Ginseng. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1962, 47. 

  • Lindendbraten, V.D., L.V. Turbina, V.R. Khodasevich, M.A. Dzhumbaev, V.S. Kamaev, G.P. Pilipenko, N.N. Ushakova, M.F. Ryakhovsky, N.S. Rushnitskaya, E.V. Levchenko, and O.A. Zavodnova. "The Influence of Eleutherococcus Senticosus on Some Indicators of the Nonspecific Resistance of the Organism." in: New Data on Eleutherococcus and Other Adaptogens: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Eleutherococcus (Hamburg, 1980). Vladivostok: Far East Scientific Center of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1981, 74. 

  • Sedykh, T.N., K.A. Mescherskaya, V.V. Kabanstsev, et al. "The Influence of the Aralia Mandshurica Tincture, Aminalon or Their Combination on Memorization of Texts." New Medicinal Preparations from Plants of Siberia and the Far East. Tomsk, 1986, 132.

  • Kirillov, O.I. "Research on the Mechanism of the Adaptogenic Action of Eleutherococcus and the Problem of the Pharmacological Regulation of Stress," in: Results of the Study of Eleutherococcus in the USSR: Theses of Reports at the Annual Session of the Far East Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR. Vladivostok: Siberian Department of the Academy of Science of the USSR, 1966, 36.